A hoverboard is a fictional levitating board used for the transportation of single use. These hoverboards resemble like a skateboard but without wheels. In 1990’s these boards are just an imagination in films, but in future, these hoverboards play a significant role in personal transportation. A question may arise that how a hoverboard does works? In this present year’s many varieties of hoverboard are introduced in the markets.
The Future Vehicle Hoverboard
In general, all hoverboards needs some upward force to push it against the gravitational force. This upward force can be in the form of air, or any other supplements can be used for the upward push.
Many hoverboards use air as the primary supplement, the props in the hoverboard push the air downwards resulting in the upward force on the rotors. On the other hand, magnetic hoverboards are also used in wide ranges. The hoverboards, you can move both up and down and also side to side directions just like a helicopter.
Primary Components That Are Used In Hoverboards
- A steel frame with a central pivot that acts as the firm of the hoverboard
- A logic board
- Two gyroscopes
- Two infrared sensors
- You can see two electric motors and two tilt/speed sensors (located inside the wheels)
- Charging port
- Power switch
- A battery pack
- LED lights
- Pressure pads
- A plastic shell
How Does Each Components Works?
The Sensors Of The Wheel
The electric motors house the wheels of the hoverboards, they contain a tilt and speed sensor. These sensors detect the RPM of the individual wheel and send the signals to the speed control boards and gyroscopes that located inside the hoverboard.
Gyroscope / Control Boards
The control boards receive the RPMS and tilt information from the sensors present inside the wheels, and they, in turn, send the signals to the central logic board.
The battery is the main power supply that tends hoverboards to move forward and in all directions. In the majority of the hoverboards, 36V 440mAH batteries were used.
How Does Your Movement Of Hoverboard Detected?
Here comes the main function of the hoverboard, pressure pads sits on the two switches inside the hoverboard. When you lean forward, the front side switch gets pushed down and a plastic “wall” slides in between an infrared LED and sensors.
As the sensors detect the lights, the logic board will tell the motors to be stable in position. When the light gets interrupted the board tells the motor to spin in the direction.
Advantages Of Hoverboards
- Hoverboards are eco-friendly
- Runs on very low cost
- Easy to operate
- Low maintenance cost
Disadvantages of Hoverboards
- Safety Issues
- It doesn’t suit for long distance coverage
- Efficiency is low